Exploring Australia’s Great Barrier Reef

Exploring Australia’s Great Barrier Reef

*This article is a guest post by Katie Dundas, travel blogger from The Accidental Australian.

If there’s one spot that consistently comes up on bucket lists of world travellers, it would be Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. The Reef is the world’s largest coral reef, and underwater oasis of marine life and colourful corals. Set just below the turquoise waters of the Coral Sea, just off the Eastern Coast of Australia’s Queensland, the reef is a protected marine park and a World Heritage Listed site.

The Great Barrier Reef – The Facts

Home to an incredibly diverse ecosystem, over 1,500 species of fish live with the reef, which spans over a distance of 1,800 miles. To put its size into perspective, it is the only living thing on earth which is visible from space, and it is larger than the Great Wall of China. (greatbarrierreef.org)

How to Get to the Great Barrier Reef

The Reef spans thousands of miles, starting from off the coast of the town of Bundaberg, and as far north as Cape York. Most visitors would access the reef from Cairns or the Whitsunday Islands, but there are tour operators throughout the Queensland coast who will do reef trips, ranging from day trips to multi-day live aboard dive boats. Unless you are staying on an island resort, you will need to book a day trip with a licensed reef tour operator to take a trip out to the reef.

It is important to note that the trip from the mainland to the reef can take anywhere from 2-3 hours each way, depending on where you are visiting from. I’ve taken several trips out to the Reef, and a word of warning- the conditions are often very choppy, with winds and rough waves creating the perfect conditions for sea-sickness.

Luckily it doesn’t bother me much, but even I found myself feeling pretty nauseus on a few reef trips, a miserable prospect at the start of a two-hour boat ride. Trial and error is the best way to find out what works for you- many swear by seasickness tablets, or even ginger, but I tend to find a corner of the boat where I can lay down and close my eyes. A Coke or ginger ale might help too.

Best Ways to Explore the Great Barrier Reef

If you are a water lover, I definitely recommend diving or snorkelling the Great Barrier Reef. Having done both, there are pros and cons to each, but both give you amazing experiences. Snorkeling day trips are often cheaper than diving trips, and give visitors the chance to explore the reef from the surface of the water. As many reef sites have shallow depths, this still provides great views, and snorkelling is easy for anyone comfortable in water, and is a competent swimmer.

Diving trips, while more expensive, allow visitors to fully submerge into the reef, taking in fish, turtles, and the intricate varieties of coral in more detail than could be seen by just a snorkeler. Even if you aren’t qualified, many companies will still let you do a supervised dive with staff, although diving is best enjoyed when you are confident and familiar with the equipment and techniques.

Whether you are diving or snorkelling, most tour operators will visit 2-3 reef sites on the day, will include lunch and equipment, and often offer underwater photos for purchase. Day trip prices vary, but will run approximately $200-300 AUD. If you’re in Cairns, check out the Cairns Dive Centre or Tusa Dive for more information.

If you’re a non-swimmer, or prefer to stay dry, a day trip out on the boat is still a way to see the reef from above, and some companies even offer chartered helicopter flights over reefs, such as the Heart Reef.

Another option is to find a tour operator with a semi-submarine. From the tour operator’s pontoon, they take visitors into a semi-submersible which takes guests underwater to get up close and personal with curious marine life. I think the experience is better enjoyed as a snorkeler or diver, but this is a good way to make the beauty of the reef accessible to everyone.

Why it Matters – Ecotourism and Climate Change

It would be amiss to write on the Great Barrier Reef without bringing to light some of the issues it’s currently facing. Climate change is a major threat to the reef, with the coral having a narrow temperature window in which it can thrive. The wrong temperature can lead to widespread coral bleaching.

Pollution and pesticides can also damage reef health, although not-for-profit organisations are working hard to limit this. Coral bleaching and pollution can kill coral, threatening the delicate balance of the eco-system in which thousands of species depend on the reef as a source of protection and food.

View this post on Instagram

Corals are foundational species that create the habitat for all life to exist on a #coralreef,. We recently out planted these coral colonies to a bare patch of reef in the Whitsundays and were very proud ane excited when they went into the water. Two months later some hungry parrotfish have 'done a number' on many of the outplanted colonies. Whilst it is disappointing two positive things came out of this a) Some of the colonies are still alive and can regrow b) The methods used to attach the coral discs to the reef proved effective becwuse even with the rasping of the parrotfish, the bases remained attached to the reef. Assisting the recovery of reefs through restoration activities is an important part of supporting socio-ecological resilience in coastal communities. @ecokohtao and @reefecologic are part of a much larger community devising innovative solutions for coral reefs worldwide.Reef Ecologic are currently working throughout the world to protect the habitat of all marine species. Reef Ecologic – Research – Strategy – Training  @reefecologic has over 50 years of combined experience on the Great Barrier Reef  helping to protect the habitat of a myriad of marine and associated species. Follow the journey on Facebook @reefecologic. #forabetterplanet @reefecologic @nathancookeco #coralreefs #coralconservation #coralreefhealth @cape_creative #scubadiving #coralreef #lovethereef #greatbarrierreef  @gbrmarinepark @coralrestorationconsortium @reefresiliencenetwork  @cape_creative @crystaldivekohtao

A post shared by Nathan Cook Eco (@nathancookeco) on

You can do your part as a tourist by visiting the reef only with accredited tour operators who have the safety of the reef at heart, by ensuring everything you take to the ocean leaves with you, and also by applying sunscreen in advance of entering the water, as this limits the reef’s chemical exposure from your sunscreen.

There are few places more incredible in Australia than the Great Barrier Reef, so enjoy your visit and make the most of it!

The Heron Island Resort is a great place to live in while you are exploring the Reef. It is affordable and has great customer reviews. It is very high in demand and also known for it’s cleanliness and services.

About the Author – Katie Dundas

Katie writes for The Accidental Australian, a quirky travel blog for Sydney, Australian and Asia travel, and a one-stop-shop for advice for expats, backpackers, and adventurers. You can like her blog on Facebook.

You might also like to read about 5 Free Things to do in Melbourne by Mimi McFadden.

Don’t Forget Your Travel Insurance

Travel insurance is so important as it will help you with emergencies and unexpected costs on your trip. Make sure that you declare any pre-existing health conditions so that you are covered for those. Check your cover for accidents and medical care and also lost baggage or getting things stolen. Remember to report as soon as something goes wrong on your trip because some travel insurance companies require you to report something that you want to claim for within 24 hours. Read the fine print carefully when you sign up. I always recommend World Nomads. You can get a free quote here:

 

Templeseeker

Hi, I'm Amy and I have over 25 years of travel experience. I love seeking out temples, Churches and other religious and historical buildings. My BA (Religions and Theology) and MA (South Asian Studies) were gained from the University of Manchester. When I'm not blogging about Europe, Asia and the Middle East you will find me at home in Liverpool with my husband and Blake the Patterdale terrier! Come and join me on my templeseeking journey around the world!